1 September 2013
You sit down in the theater. The lights dim a bit while they spool up the previews, and a deep voice comes up over the black screen, as images begin to fade in. “In a world that time forgot, a new figure emerges” (or something like it), the voice intones.
99% of the time the voice is male. Until Lake Bell’s delicious romantic comedy In a World…, most viewers have never considered the the ways that this pattern that we unconsciously accept in movie theaters has ripple effects across gender behavior and expectations in our society. Nor is it just the film previews. Advertising that “counts” — i.e., airlines and cars, not laundry detergent or yogurt — pays its voiceover artists better and is virtually always a male domain.
The film pivots around the real-life fact that the “in a world…” opener cliché was retired after the death of legendary voiceover artist Don LaFontaine. In fact, the world depicted in In a World… is of the cutthroat competition for voiceover work in Don’s wake. Bell writes, directs, and stars as Carol Solomon, a wannabe voiceover artist who primarily works as a voice and accent coach and whose narcissistic father, Sam (real-life voiceover artist Fred Melamed), openly discourages her — believing he’s telling her the hard truth. “Dad, you’ve made me painfully aware of that my whole life,” she replies. “I’m not being sexist, that’s just the truth,” he pronounces.
The comedy moves at breakneck pace through a bunch of subplots including Carol’s lovelorn producer (the ever adorable Demetri Martin), who desperately wants to date her; Carol’s sister Dani (Michaela Watkins), whose marriage to Moe (Rob Corddry) is floundering on the rocks of boredom and routine; competition and old-boy networks within the voiceover industry, particularly circulating around a sleazy upcoming voiceover star named Gustav (Dan Marino); and Carol’s ongoing quest to tape the interesting voices and accents she hears in the world around her.
Indeed, the film moves so briskly and features such an array of favorite comedic actors — including Nick Offerman, Geena Davis, and Jeff Garlin among the many I’ve already listed — that you get a lot more punch per minute than most comedies. Just taking the scenes in which voiceover artists exercise their mouths and tongues, or sit in steam rooms to keep the chords moist gives you a nicely weird and textured view of the lives of these people.
You should go to this film for the comedy — it’s just a funny, tight film — but you’ll stay for the feminism. The central problem depicted in In a World… is not merely thwarted female ambition or a failed father-daughter relationship, even as both of those problems matter to Carol. Rather, it’s that female voices get stuck in a vicious circle: women never learn to sound authoritative because there are no models for sounding that way. Worse, women learn patterns of speech like uptalk (ending words or sentences on an up-note as if asking questions), silly filler (the surfeit of “likes”), and high-pitched sexy baby voices, all of which detract from what women say, and therefore demean women’s authority overall.
When Carol rolls her eyes at the sexy baby voices, I wanted to kiss her on the lips. It helps that she’s so gorgeous in a normal-woman way — no discernible makeup, no nose job, no caps on her teeth.
Some critics have accused Bell of “dissing women’s voices” by mocking what women cannot help: that their voices can sometimes be naturally high-pitched. I don’t see it. Bell criticizes nurture, not nature — the cultivated Valley Girl tics, falsely high sexy-baby pitches, and girlie in-talk that women learn strategically or unconsciously as part of socialization. She also indicates, correctly, that these patterns can be unlearned.
Nor is this one of those movies in which the woman realizes her ambition by being better and more hardworking than all the men in sight. Remember G.I. Jane (1997)? Demi Moore showed us there that women can be Navy SEALS, but the plot seemed to indicate that it could only be true if they could actually out-push-up every man in sight.
In a World…, in contrast, doesn’t say that Carol ought to succeed because she’s the best voice out there. Rather, it says something more profound: that we need more female voiceover artists because it will directly and subconsciously change how people think about women.
I admit, I’m probably more hyper-conscious about people’s voices than most, so may have found this film all the more enjoyable (those who know me will laugh at the understatement here). My mother has a beautiful voice. I’ve written academic pieces about voice. I form unnatural attachments to certain radio or podcast voices and regional accents — Slate’s Dana Stevens, Christiane Amanpour (now with CNN), NPR’s Wade Goodwyn, PBS/NPR’s Charlayne Hunter-Gault, singer Steve Earle, and many others.
And on a personal note, can I just say that simply in casting Demetri Martin as the smitten producer, In a World… has given me a gift? Because there’s something about his sweet goofiness, helmet of hair, and fantastic schnozz that says LOVE INTEREST to me.
So what’s not to like? This is basically Feminéma’s wet dream of a film: a female-directed, female-written, feminist film about voice that stars a gorgeous but not cookie-cutter actor with a real-looking nose — AND Demetri Martin is chasing her. Maybe I need to see it again. You should see it too, even if you just like breezy rom-coms. And then tell me what you think.
30 July 2013
Nothing makes me feel older than to see a new commercial that blows away all the old tropes and offers up something completely different — and all I can think is, whaaaaaa? Remember those Volkswagon ads in the 90s, the ones with Nick Drake’s “Pink Moon”?
The Camp Gyno is an ad for a tampon subscription service called HelloFlo. I’m thinking about subscribing simply to thank them for this ad.
I think, finally, a real rain has come and washed all the blue liquid off the streets.
Thanks, JE, for this!
30 November 2012
Golly, this advice from madeleineishere sure helped me figure out how to dress today!
30 December 2011
Ever since hearing that the 1971 documentary Growing Up Female (dir. Jim Klein and Julia Reichert) was selected for the National Film Registry, I’ve been trying to find a copy. (The closest I’ve come is this fabulous 5-min. clip, which you should watch too and beware of too easily thinking, “We’ve come a long way, baby!”).
Here’s my pitch to documentarians: we need an updated version. You know who else wants an updated version? Riley, our future president:
Riley’s right to start in toy stores, just the way the 1971 film starts in a day care. Here are some other hot spots I hope the documentarians will visit:
- “breast-araunts” like Twin Peaks and Hooters
- girls’ sports: the good (confidence, strength, great role models) and the bad (the pressure to appear straight straight straight; the dismal sports opportunities for women beyond college)
- abortion politics: talk to a young woman who’s going to give birth to her rapist’s baby because of the law or access issues (or, frankly, because of brainwashing)
- girls who come out as gay or trans (or, alternately, choose not to come out)
- religious and church messages to girls about gender roles and sex
- girls’ clothing choices and body pressures to be both whisper-thin AND have a hot badunkadonk
- children’s TV programming (talk to Geena Davis about this)
- the pressure to get into college
- messages about gender and sex in pop music
- the assholes at Lego who claim that “months of anthropological testing” tell them that girls want pastel-colored Legos despite years of girls wanting regular Legos
- college sororities and college feminist organizations (and college anti-racist or ethnic organizations, which can have retrograde gender or sexual dynamics)
- mother-daughter relationships; domestic chores meted out to daughters and sons
- the effect on girls of presidential candidates who want to outlaw The Pill in their eagerness to “protect life” (that is, everyone running for the GOP nomination) and Pres. Obama, whose commitment to women’s reproductive health seems, well, changeable
- teenagers growing up in quiverfull or fundamentalist Mormon environments
PLEASE. Not just because it could be an amazing document for the future. For all of us feminists who need to see what’s going on now. For everyone who forgets their own little protected bubble of a world is not a reflection of the whole.
20 October 2010
Viewers of “Mad Men” are a tetchy lot, quick to express outrage at the show’s hairpin plot curves or that odd episode that didn’t seem to scale the heights one expects. Not me. This show sings to me — and I found this season especially riveting, with its emphasis on an emerging proto-feminist anger — especially by Peggy and Joan in the agency’s offices, and an even more deep-seated anger expressed by little Sally Draper suffering back home with her mother, Betty. Which leads me to address two (related) kinds of criticism: those who say the show glamorizes rather than observes the easy sexism of the 60s, and those who say it displays a fetishistic concern with period detail — detail that emphasizes style over cultural criticism. SPOILER ALERT: I’ll discuss details from Season 4 — and I’ll warn you again when I get to the season’s final episode.
The show has only one true protagonist, Don Draper (Jon Hamm), the brilliant ad man who exhibits fleeting attractions to smart women but ultimately opts for far less challenging game. Yet the story of Don helping to elevate Peggy (Elisabeth Moss) from secretary to copywriter is mirrored in the show by the growing emphasis on Peggy’s interior life, such that she’s become the show’s full-fledged Number Two. This season Peggy has taken on new degrees of responsibility, even oversight of other male copywriters. Moss shows extraordinary acting gifts in tracing that transformation: for the first time this season we see her begin to feel comfortable in her own skin (and clothes: she finally seems to be able to afford outfits she actually likes), and we find her navigating her career with far more physical assertion than in earlier seasons. Sure, she’s still stuck with inferior men, but no one’s surprised by that scenario. When she arrives at Don’s office to argue about a pitch, she’ll put her hands on her hips in a way that indicates how much effort it takes to challenge him, and how important it is that she do so. More than any other woman on the show, Peggy Olson explores what it means to be a woman in a man’s world, and it’s never easy.
It’s not easy because she’s surrounded by utter jackasses on her team of writers, who posture their male fraternity before her with alternate fun and aggression. (This post is hereby dedicated to Anita Hill, who’s still being harassed 19 years later.) One of them, Stan, insists that she’s repressed and ashamed of her body, so she strips down to her awful 1960s bra-and-slip set — and then down to nothing — to prove herself and get the upper hand in their work relationship. But if Stan is an obvious boor, the cutie-pie freelancer Joey is an even more insidious problem. Joey resents it when the fantastically curvacious executive secretary Joan Holloway (Christina Hendricks) displays her managerial power over these boys, so he sketches a cartoon of Joan giving a blow job to a male employee — and he posts it on the wall for Joan and Peggy to find. Joan dresses them down unforgivingly, but Peggy is still incensed.
Despite a chorus of whiney male pleas that “it’s a joke!” Peggy fires Joey, who spits back at her, “Y’see, this is why I don’t like working with women. You have no sense of humor.” Nevertheless, firing him feels like justice to her and a triumph for both women, such that at the end of the day when she enters the elevator with Joan, she looks up hopefully and says, “I don’t know if you heard, but I fired Joey.”
Joan, patronizingly: “I did. Good for you.”
Peggy, shocked: “Excuse me?”
Joan: “Now everybody in the office will know that you solved my problem and that you must be really important, I guess.”
Peggy, shaking her head: “What’s wrong with you? I defended you!”
Joan: “You defended yourself.”
Peggy: “Fine. That cartoon was disgusting.”
Joan: “I’d already handled it. And if I’d wanted to go further, one dinner with Mr. Kreutzer from Sugarberry Ham and Joey would have been off [the account], and out of my hair.”
Peggy: “So it’s the same result.”
Joan: “You want to be a big shot. Well, no matter how powerful we get around here, they can still just draw a cartoon. So all you’ve done is prove to them that I’m a meaningless secretary, and you’re a humorless bitch.”
Moments like that make it all the harder for me to understand the criticism by some that the show glamorizes the sexism of the 60s. The show doesn’t make sexism sexy (except to some, um, throwbacks); rather, as Stephanie Coontz claimed recently, it looks unflinchingly at the sexism of the era and shows how it affected real-life women without losing its subtlety or getting preachy. In fact, I don’t see how any working woman today could watch that scene between Peggy and Joan without thinking, “I’ve been there. Wait: what year is it?” Journalists have written about how the sexist world of “Mad Men” is still alive and well in some business worlds, and not just due to the gender pay gap. It’s also worth noting that the show has a relatively high number of female writers, producers, and directors, especially after Season 1. This record is not without highly notable glitches, as when creator Matthew Wiener fired the Emmy-Award winning, Peggy Olson-esque writer Kater Gordon a year ago, claiming patronizingly (and obscurely) that she had “reached her full potential.” Still, the record is impressive:
- Season 1: 5 of its 13 episodes were written or co-written by women; 1 episode was directed by a woman.
- Season 2: 9 of 13 episodes written or co-written by women; 3 episodes directed by women.
- Season 3: 10 of 13 episodes written or co-written by women; 6 episodes directed by women.
- Season 4: 6 of 13 episodes written or co-written by women; 4 episodes directed by women.
The show isn’t just a workplace drama, of course. Even though Betty Draper’s role was diminished this season, the show revealed chillingly how angry and dissatisfied she is, and how much she has replaced Don with a paternalistic new husband who chastizes her and demands that she behave. In fact, when Betty (January Jones) confesses to her friend Francine that they’d had a fight the night before, she says, “I misbehaved.” Her deep-seated childishness and awful petulance have roused bitter hatred among fans, but I can only express my admiration for Jones’ pitch-perfect, icy performance. Betty is trapped inside the hell of her own small-minded expectations; to get out of it would mean jettisoning everything she ever learned as a child, everything she witnessed at her mother’s knee, every lesson that taught her that sulking gets you what you want. Of course she’s not a sympathetic character — in that respect she’s much like Sandi McCree’s perfect performance as De’Londa Brice in “The Wire.” Things are not going as Betty had been led to expect, so heads must roll — as in this horrific scene only available at AMC.com. You can just imagine what it’d be like to have such a woman as your mother. Or, rather, we don’t have to imagine, because 10-year-old Sally Draper emerges as a complicated character in her own right this season via extended conflicts with her mother. And what an actor Kiernan Shipka proves to be in that role.
These are hardly the only ugly things shown by “Mad Men.” We see the execrable Pete Campbell rape an au pair in his apartment building, yet he experiences no consequences. In a parallel moment, Joan’s husband rapes her to remind us that there was no such thing as “marital rape” in the 60s. [SPOILER ALERT: I’m coming close to discussing the season finale now!] Viewers are made irate by these scenes, but they seem to feel that by showing them the series is endorsing such violence. (Which reminds me of a story I heard recently: a university professor is getting hate mail from parents because she teaches a class on the history of witchcraft — which, parents believe, amounts to advocating witchcraft. Remind me never to teach a class on the history of slavery — and just imagine a world in which no one teaches students about the Holocaust for fear of appearing to endorse violent anti-Semitism.) During the final episode of this season, Don abandons the first worthy girlfriend he’s had since the divorce — the lovely, savvy consultant, Dr. Faye Miller, who had seemed to be a true partner for him — and he gets himself engaged to his secretary instead. It’s one of the creepiest sequences of scenes they’ve ever shown: after several episodes of finally coming to grips with his lies and self-deceptions, Don makes one of those 180° turns back toward self-delusion, just like Roger Sterling (John Slattery). Heartbreakingly, a critic at my beloved Bitch website decries this as an endorsement of Don’s choice.
So how can anyone mistake the show’s darkness for glamor, you ask? I’ve decided after much scholarly consideration (hem hem!) that it’s not the show’s obsession with getting every single detail right, though I know some complain that that obsession is overly distracting. Rather, it’s the way the show is filmed. Every shot establishes a scene that seems so stilted, so self-consciously staged, that it attains an air of surreality and demands close attention as if it’s being shot via microscope. This is as far from neo-realism as you can get: it’s a kind of theatricality we don’t see elsewhere on TV. A scene in the back of a cab erases all New York City street noise to focus up-close on the micropolitics of the end of a date; a scene of Don alone drinking in his perfect office evokes the quiet desperation of those men in grey flannel suits. After four seasons, we’ve grown accustomed to the show’s visual style, but we shouldn’t overlook it: it’s so important as to nearly constitute a character on the show. The show’s filming should remind us, constantly, that we are being asked to look on these scenes with a particular set of eyes; it should remind us to see every scene as a subtle, and often horrible, analysis of a world of men and women that lacked the language of feminism. These scenes emphasize deep divides between people, a profound loneliness, and the way certain kinds of architecture and design might make the world cold rather than warm and homey. “It’s lonely in the modern world,” the blog Unhappy Hipsters reminds us — “Mad Men” is doing the same in narrative form.
In this positive review don’t accuse me of abandoning my blamer credentials, for I most certainly aspire to the wicked keyboard stylings of Twisty Faster — and it’s not that I don’t have my own criticisms of the show. But it deserves quick and firm defense against the most facile interpretations. Even after four seasons, I’ve never seen anything like “Mad Men” for its subtle writing and dead-on historical accuracy. Now I just need to teach a class on it.
11 October 2010
I’m grading papers, so naturally all I want to do is anything other than grade papers. But Christine O’Donnell’s new ad seems so analogous to the awful prose and twisted argumentation I’m reading from my undergrads that I couldn’t resist a study break. “I’m not a witch,” she tells us. “I’m you. … I’ll go to Washington and do what you’d do.” Is it just me, or it this both absurd and brilliant?
“Saturday Night Live” did its best to mock the “witch” part of the ad — and rightly so, as this is easily the most mockable. As truly weird as that is — indeed, I thought at first that by witch she meant the Barbara Bush-style euphemism for bitch, but I couldn’t imagine that anyone had called O’Donnell a bitch — what I’m really stuck on is the “I’m you” comments. I truly don’t know what to think. Of course, I’m not from Delaware, but I’m fairly certain from everything I know about her that O’Donnell will most certainly not do what I would do if I could go to Washington. The ad doesn’t tell us anything specific about what she’d do in Washington. On the surface one might simply say that this is the most shamefaced, transparent political evasion ad in history.
But then there’s the ironed hair, the dark suit, the pearls, the adorably dimpled cheeks. O’Donnell isn’t us — rather, she’s a Shirley Temple who’s grown up to do a very good job of appearing to possess gravitas. She’s got just enough grade-school teacher in her to speak slowly and clearly, as if we’re eight years old. But that’s not the worst political move in the current election cycle by a long shot. She expresses a kind of gentle feminine affect custom-designed to seem less Mama Grizzly than like your earnest, well-intentioned best friend, or sister, or girlfriend. She has no positions, only camera presence — and we can’t deny the presence.
Dumbest or smartest ad ever? Let’s all remember the election that takes place in Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World and cry for our utter loss of reason in an overly media-savvy world. We now have on our ballots the politicians we deserve.
25 September 2010
What does it mean?
My impulse is to laugh and think of my undergrads, who’d say it with a big lilt at the end: “It’s, like, a whole other country!” But then I think, is it supposed to convey opposition to the rest of the U.S.? Does it mean Texas is merely different and more exotic than the rest of the U.S., even though it’s not another country?
On the one hand, this plate embarrasses me, as do many of the ways Texans express pride for their state. On the other, it makes me want the job of coming up with the text for specialty license plates. Oh, the possibility for ambiguity, irreverence, revolution.